A A Survey of Knowledge of Men and their Attitudes towards Prostate Cancer Among a Sample of Nigeria Men
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD), including cancer, are surpassing that of infectious disease as the leading healthcare threat in some middleincome and low-income countries around the globe. Aim: This study sought to know the level of knowledge of and attitude towards prostate cancer among men. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of 1025 men, who gathered for a health seminar at a national convention. A questionnaire that contained questions on the knowledge of men and their attitude towards PCa and its risk factors was administered. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: 436(42.6%) of respondents had heard about the PCa and 373 (36.4%) had heard about PSA-test. Social and electronic (radio/television) media constituted greater sources of information for 399 (39%) and 556 (54.2%) respectively who have heard about PCa. The level of knowledge was higher in men with higher education level, older and with relatives or friends with prostate problems or cancers. 199(19.4%) of the respondents had carried out the PCa test, while 817(79.7%) indicated an interest in undergoing the test after the seminar. Determination to undertake a PSA test was associated with a higher level of education (p=0.026) and older age (p=0.031) among those who have received information from their doctors (p=0.019) and those already experiencing signs of ill-health (p=0.040). Conclusion: There was a low level of knowledge among the respondents. The study, therefore, suggested the need for increased public awareness and education on the risks of prostate cancer and the benefits of its prevention.