Testicular Self Examination among Undergraduate Students in a Nigerian Public University

  • Salihu AK Department of Nursing Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
  • Farooq MA Department of Nursing Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
  • Sani MS Nursing Science Programme Unit, ABU Distance Learning Center
  • Yunusa A Department of Nursing Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
  • Attahir I Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kaduna State University
  • Hamza K Department of Nursing Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
Keywords: Awareness, Attitude, Examination, Knowledge, Nursing, Practice, Students, Testicular.


The rising increase of testicular cancer (TC), which tends to take an aggressive course in developing countries can be detected by testicular self-examination (TSE). It is a screening technique that involves the inspection and palpation of the testis for early detection of TC. This study examines the awareness, attitude and frequency of practice TSE among male undergraduate students of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Methodology: A descriptive research design with a sample of 100 students was used for the study. A stratified sampling technique was used to select the respondents. A questionnaire was used for data collection. The reliability coefficient score of the instrument yielded a Cronbach alpha score of 0.85. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the results presented using chart and frequency tables.
Results: Results showed that only a few of the respondents are aware of testicular cancer (8%) and the majority have a negative attitude with a mean score of less than 2.5 and never performed TSE (80%). Conclusion: Conclusively, on the study participants’level of awareness with regards to testicular self-examination, the majority never selfexamine their testis. This information could be used to design an educational intervention to increase health professionals’ focus on TSE, especially in young males. Recommendation: It is recommended that Public health campaigns to encourage more men to perform regular TSE should be available. In addition, Men attending healthcare institutions for any reason should be given opportunistic health education on TSE,
perhaps accompanied by an educative pamphlet on TSE.